You might be familiar with the ‘rule of threes’ that dictates a human can only survive 3 minutes without air, 3 days without water and 3 weeks without food. Fortunately most of us haven’t put that to the test! Survival skills such as fire lighting for warmth and water are important to know- they could be the difference between life and death in an emergency! So what survival skills are important to know?
Making a fire is often considered the first priority in a survival emergency. Perfecting this vital survival skill means you’ll not only have a source of warmth and comfort, but you’ll be able to purify water and even cook food.
It’s important to carry a way of starting a fire. Matches and lighters are great but are no good if they get wet or broken. It’s therefore worth investing in a fire steel or striker which is far less likely to let you down when you need it! Even better, why not learn to make fire with friction with a bow drill or hand drill?
If it’s looking like it’s going to be a while before you’re getting out of your emergency survival situation, a shelter between you and the elements is essential. Anything that keeps the wind and rain off of you is a great start- think about leaning branches up against a tree or rock. Ensure the entrance is facing away from the direction the wind is coming from to keep you warm. Getting yourself up off of the ground is also important to keep you warm and dry.
Water is key to human survival and should be one of your top priorities when in a survival situation. When looking for a source of water, moving is always best. If you can collect water from a river or stream it’s likely to be much better than water from a lake or other still water. Collecting rainwater is another solid option, though this can be slow and unreliable! If you’ve got your fire going you’re one step closer to clean drinking water! Boiling it for a minute is usually enough to kill any harmful bacteria in the water- but remember this won’t get rid of any particles of dust or dirt.
While collecting food is often lower down in the priorities, it’s still important to think about this survival skill. Learning a few simple forages will allow you to pick up food easily wherever you are. Carrying a book to help you identify safe forages will help you avoid any unsafe plants.
Learn More Survival Skills With Us
Why not join one of our bushcraft courses run in beautiful Studland, Dorset to hone your survival skills!